The law allows suspects to be detained without a warrant for 14 days and extended for an additional 10 days and monitored for 60 days, which can also be extended by the police or military for up to 30 days. [6] However, one analyst argues that this provision is essential for the fight against terrorism in order to “give investigators more time to obtain valuable information from the terrorism suspect. A longer period of detention may also allow sufficient time to facilitate interrogation. It can also prevent the suspected terrorist from wreaking havoc. More importantly, prolonged pre-trial detention can legally detain suspects if the usual criminal charges cannot be laid for technical reasons. [8] The Anti-Terrorism Act is the latest in a series of power grabs passed under the guise of national security amid the coronavirus pandemic, posing a serious threat to Philippine democracy. The new law, which replaces the 2007 Human Security Act, criminalizes a new ambiguous crime: incitement to terrorism “through speeches, proclamations, writings, emblems, banners or other representations. without participating directly in the terrorism commission.” Article 29 empowers law enforcement agencies to arrest and detain any person suspected of having committed a terrorist offence without a warrant and for fourteen to twenty-four days, including persons accused of incitement. The National Council of Churches of the Philippines, a community of ten Filipino Protestant denominations, condemned the bill as “a travesty against God`s will, because it gives the government, or even a few individuals in the Counterterrorism Council, the absolute power that determines the course people`s lives will take by presenting a very vague definition of terrorism.” [85] The Philippine Council of Evangelical Churches had also expressed reservations about the bill, saying, “We strongly believe that this law endangers the rights of Filipinos and the sense of dignity that our laws, which have their origin in God, are supposed to defend and protect.” The PCEC explicitly cited “vague definitions of terrorism and the prolonged duration of detention without an arrest warrant, which paves the way for serious violations of a person`s rights and dignity” as a source of concern.

[86] “The enactment of this legislation grants excessive and uncontrolled powers to the government. Legislation to “combat terrorism” must ensure respect for international human rights and international humanitarian law and protect fundamental freedoms. Greenpeace`s Southeast Asia office has been pushing for the repeal of the 2020 anti-terrorism law because of its “comprehensive definition of terrorism,” which it says could be misused to suppress dissent. [71] Comments on the Law against Money Laundering, the Financing of Terrorism and the Financing of the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction (Law No. 977), adopted by the Nicaraguan Parliament on July 16, 2018. It amends articles 394 and 395 of Act No. 641, which applies to the Criminal Code relating to terrorism and its financing. Bill S-7 (The Fight Against Terrorism Act) proposes amendments to the Criminal Code to reshape investigative hearings and recognition with conditions and new offences of leaving or attempting to leave Canada to commit a terrorist offence, as well as amendments to the Security of Information Act and the Canadian Evidence Act.

The bill also responds to the recommendations of parliamentary committees that reviewed the Anti-terrorism Act in 2007. The bill received Royal Approval on April 25, 2013. Among the comprehensive terrorist offences created in the Penal Code are: Comments on the draft law on police measures to combat terrorism (Comments on the draft law entitled “Federal Law on Police Measures to Combat Terrorism”) In Turkey, where a 2013 law criminalized propaganda that would incite terrorism and a 2015 law criminalized the arrest of terrorism suspects without an arrest warrant for authorization at least twenty-four hours, The image is even darker. While the country had detained journalists and opposition members long before the 2013 and 2015 laws were passed, these provisions gave Turkey additional legal grounds to arrest and imprison dissidents. The ATA reflected a commitment to the safety and security of all Canadians and strengthened Canada`s ability to meet its international obligations while respecting Canadian values and the rights enshrined in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (Charter). Canada`s adoption of the ATA was consistent with the actions of its international partners. However, it was a Canadian solution to fight terrorism. On July 3, 2020, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte signed the Anti-Terrorism Act of 2020, which replaces the Human Security Act of 2007. Amnesty International has called on the Philippine government to reject the legislation, which contains dangerous provisions and could further undermine human rights in the country.

After protests against the controversial anti-terrorism law, several cloned Facebook accounts were created on the platform. It started with the University of the Philippines Cebu on June 6, 2020, which were targeted by the newly created Facebook accounts and duplicated on their own. [101] Later, it was directed against residents of Metro Manila, Iloilo, Dumaguete and Cagayan in Oro City and other areas who had participated in protests against the law. [101] [102] [103] As a result, the hashtag #HandsOffOurStudents trend on Twitter, which condemned Internet users for creating fake accounts. [104] Justice Minister Menardo Guevarra expressed concern about the matter and asked the Agency`s Cybercrime Division to coordinate with the NBI and PNP to investigate the case. [105] [106] The new law allows terrorism suspects to be detained without a warrant, extends the length of their detention without charge, and removes the requirement for police to bring suspects before a judge to assess whether they have been subjected to physical or mental torture. We, the signatories, call on President Rodrigo Duterte and his Department of Justice and the Supreme Court to immediately repeal and reject Republic Law No. 11479, also known as the Anti-Terrorism Law of 2020. We are deeply concerned that this law will trample on the rights and freedoms for which the Filipino people have fought so hard, eliminate all democratic space, silence criticism from Filipinos abroad who fall under the law, and further worsen the already appalling human rights conditions in the Philippines.