In 2005, the United Nations Human Rights Committee (UNHRC) ordered Peru to compensate a woman (known as K.L.) for refusing her a medically induced abortion; It was the first time a UN committee held a country responsible for failing to provide access to safe and legal abortion, and the first time the committee confirmed that abortion is a human right. [39] K.L. received compensation in 2016. [39] In Mellet v. Ireland`s 2016 UN Human Rights Council found that Ireland`s abortion laws violated the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights because Irish law prohibited abortion for fatal fetal abnormalities. Marcos, died on the 30th. June admitted that “I can`t argue with theology, all I support are statistics,” referring to the thousands of women who have been hospitalized or died as a result of botched illegal abortions. Some Central American countries, particularly El Salvador, have also attracted international attention because of the very vigorous application of laws, including the detention of a victim of gang rape for murder when she gave birth to a stillborn son and was accused of attempting an illegal abortion. [533] [534] [535] Abortion has been legal since the 1960s and played a key role in the government policy of the two children, which was introduced in 1988 and halved the birth rate from 4.2 to 2.1 children per woman in the two decades following its introduction. “Legal restrictions and other barriers mean that many women struggle or even inability to access quality abortion care, and they can abort even with unsafe methods or seek abortion from unqualified providers,” the WHO explained. “The legal status of abortion makes no difference to a woman`s need for abortion, but it significantly affects her access to safe abortion.” Rara is one of some 36 million women who abort each year in Asia, according to data released in 2017 by the Guttmacher Institute, a U.S.-based research organization on sexual and reproductive health and rights. The same data shows that 6% of maternal mortality in the region in 2014 was caused by unsafe abortions.

Although abortions are legal in almost all countries, at least under certain conditions, these conditions vary widely. According to a United Nations (UN) report with data collected up to 2019[40], abortion is allowed in 98% of countries to save a woman`s life. Other generally accepted reasons include maintaining physical (72%) or mental (69%) health, rape or incest (61%) and fetal impairment (61%). Performing an abortion for economic or social reasons is accepted in 37% of countries. Performing abortions solely on the basis of a woman`s request is allowed in 34% of countries, including Canada, most European countries and China. [40] The following table lists in chronological order the UN Member States that have legalized abortion on demand for at least the first part of the pregnancy or that have completely decriminalized abortion. As of July 2022, 65 countries had legalized or decriminalized abortion on demand. [a] Those trying to terminate a pregnancy in the Philippines often resort to underground clinics where dangerous methods are performed, including severe abdominal “massage” to expel a fetus, according to the Guttmacher Institute and other reports. Eleven women are hospitalized every hour and three die every day in the Philippines due to unsafe abortions, according to 2012 data cited by Pinsan. In the first half of the 20. In the twentieth century, many countries began to liberalize abortion laws, at least when they were implemented to protect women`s lives and, in some cases, at women`s request.

Under Vladimir Lenin, the Soviet Union became the first modern state to legalize abortion on demand – the law was first introduced in 1920 in the Russian SFSR, in July 1921 in the Ukrainian SSR, and then throughout the country. [5] [6] The Bolsheviks regarded abortion as a social evil created by the capitalist system that left women without the economic means to raise children and forced them to perform abortions. The Soviet state initially upheld the Tsarist ban on abortion, which treated the practice as premeditated murder. However, abortion has been performed by Russian women for decades and its incidence has continued to rise in the wake of the Russian Civil War, which devastated the country economically and made it extremely difficult for many people to have children.